The Roman Military in Britain – Part#1 : Legionary and Vexillation Fortresses

Part#1 : Legionary and Vexillation Fortresses

The following table contains the names, grid references, dimensions and enclosed areas of every known Roman legionary or vexillation fortress in Britain. A separate description of each fortress is available by clicking on its name.

Location of Fortress N.G.Ref. Dimensions Area Type
Dynevor Park, Llandeilo, Dyfed SN621224 c.720 x 590 ft (c.220 x 180 m) c.12 acres (c.4.85 ha) vexillation
Alchester, Bicester, Oxfordshire SP570203 ? ft (? m) 26 acres (10.5 ha) vexillation ¢¬ 
ISCA [SILVRVM] (Caerleon, Gwent) ST339906 1,600 x 1,350 ft (c.490 x 410 m) 50 acres (21 ha) legionary
HORREA CLASSIS (Carpow, Fife) NO208179 940 x 570 ft (c.287 x 174 m) 12¼ acres (c.5 ha) vexillation
DEVA VICTRIX / CASTRA LEGIONIS (Chester, Cheshire) SJ404662 1,950 x 1,360 ft (594 x 415 m) 56 acres (22.7 ha) legionary
Clyro (Powys) SO2243 x ft ( x m) 26 acres (10.2 ha) vexillation ¢¬ 
COLONIA CAMVLODVNENSIVM (Colchester, Essex) TL995252 x ft ( x m) acres ( ha) legionary ¢¬ 
CORSTOPITVM (Corbridge, Northumberland) NY9864 x ft ( x m) acres ( ha) vexillation ¢¬ 
Dalswinton Bankfoot I (Dumfries & Galloway) NX933840 1,315 x 715 ft (c.400 x 218 m) 21½ acres (c.8.7 ha) vexillation
ISCA DVMNONIORVM (Exeter, Devon) SX923925 ? x ? ft ? x ? ft 37 acres 50 acres vexillation ¢¬  legionary
COLONIA GLEVENSIVM (Gloucester, Gloucestershire) SO8318 x ft ( x m) 43 acres (17.4 ha) legionary ¢¬ 
ALATA CASTRA (Inchtuthil, Tayside) NO1239 x ft ( x m) 49½ acres (20 ha) legionary
Kingsholm, Gloucester (Gloucestershire) x ft ( x m) acres ( ha) vexillation ¢¬ 
PENNOCRVCIVM (Kinvaston, Staffordshire) SJ909114 1,475 x 780 ft (450 x 238 m) 26½ acres (10.7 ha) vexillation
Lake Farm (Dorset) SY997990 x ft ( x m) acres ( ha) vexillation ¢¬ 
Leighton, Eaton Constantine (Shropshire) SJ598055 1,050 x 920 ft (c.320 x 280 m) 22¼ acres (c.9 ha) vexillation
COLONIA LINDENSIVM (Lincoln, Lincolnshire) SK975714 x ft ( x m) 41 acres (16.6 ha) legionary ¢¬ 
Longthorpe I (Cambridgeshire) TL158977 1,150 x 950 ft (350 x 290 m) 25 acres (c.10 ha) vexillation
Longthorpe II (Cambridgeshire) TL158977 660 x 725 ft (c.200 x 220 m) 11 acres (c.4.45 ha) vexillation
MANDVESSEDVM (Mancetter, Warwickshire) SP318966 1,080 x 1,010 ft (330 x 310 m) 25 acres (10.1 ha) vexillation
Newton on Trent (Lincolnshire) SK823737 ? ft (? m) >30 acres (>12 ha) vexillation ¢¬ 
Osmanthorpe (Nottinghamshire) SK6756 ? ft (? m) c.20 acres (c.8 ha) vexillation ¢¬ 
Rossington (South Yorkshire) SK6399 ? ft (? m) c.23 acres (c.9.3 ha) vexillation ¢¬ 
Rhyn Park (Shropshire) SJ3037 ? ft (? m) c.42 acres (c.17 ha) vexillation ¢¬ 
BVRRIVM (Usk, Gwent) SO379007 ? ft (? m) ? acres (? ha) legionary ¢¬ 
VIROCONIUM CORNOVIORVM (Wroxeter, Shropshire) SJ565088 ? ft (? m) ? acres (? ha) legionary ¢¬ 
COLONIA EBORACENSIVM (York, North Yorkshire) SE603521 ? ft (? m) c.50 acres (c.20.2 ha) legionary