RIB2119 - Building inscription of the Twentieth Legion
¹ P.S.A. Scot., xlvi. In so small a fort, the ratio 200 to 250 men per acre no longer holds, for obvious reasons. ” (Collingwood, pp.32-4)
There are three inscriptions on stone recorded in the R.I.B. from Cappuck, all of which are shown and translated on this page; an altar to Jupiter dedicated by an auxiliary garrison unit (RIB 2117 infra), another altarstone on which the name of the deity has been lost (RIB 2118 infra), and a building inscription recording the legionary unit responsible for the fort’s construction (RIB 2119 supra).
RIB2117 - Altar dedicated to Jupiter Optimus Maximus
Q C A IVL
RIB2118 - Altar co-dedicated by Gaius Quintius Severus
COH I FID VARDVL
C R â†€ EQ ET G
TRIB COH EIVSDEM
DOM CAMIL RA
V S L L M
The pottery evidence from the Cappuck fort shows occupation throughout the first and second centuries. There are two sherds of South Gaulish Form 29 dated to the Agricolan period, three pieces of South Gaulish Form 37 dated to Flavian-Trajanic times, and Antonine occupation is attested by three potters stamps all represented on single sherds: Casurius Form 37, Criciro Form 37 and Ruffus Form 33. Another single piece of South Gaulish Form 27 samian bore the stamp ]OF, which cannot be identified.
The Temporary Marching Camps
There are several temporary marching camps in the close proximity of the fort, two to the north, two to the west and another to the south, all in the Borders Region (at NT6820). These are all dealt with on a separate page for Ulston Moor.
References for Cappuck
- The Roman Occupations of Scotland by B.R. Hartley in Britannia iii (1972) pp.1-55;
- The Roman Inscriptions of Britain by R.G. Collingwood and R.P. Wright (Oxford 1965);
- The Archaeology of Roman Britain by R.G. Collingwood (Methuen, London, 1930).