Crindledykes Milestones

Milestone

Crindledykes Farm Roman Milestones

Five complete Roman milestones and two fragments, all with inscriptions, were found in 1885 at Crindledykes Farm on the north side of Stanegate, at a point 1 Roman mile east of the Roman milestone beside the fort at Chesterholm. The complete milestones are in Chesters Museum, the two fragmentary pieces are lost.

RIB2299 - Milestone of Severus Alexander

For the Emperor Caesar Marcus Aurelius Severus Alexander Pius Felix Augustus, pontifex maximus, in his second year of tribunician power, consul, father of his country, under the charge of Claudius Xenophon, emperor's propraetorian legate, 14 miles.
IMP CAES [...] AVREL
SEVERO AL[...]XANDRO
PIO FEL AVG P M TR P II
COS P P CVR CL X[...]NOPH
LEG AVG PR [...]A[...]T
M P XIIII
Severus Alexander, 10 Dec. 222-9 Dec. 223. See RIB 2306.The terminus from which the 14 Roman miles (20.7 km.) along the Stanegate were reckoned seems to have been Corbridge. For a discussion see Stevens, EHR 52 (1937) 199, Wright loc. cit.

RIB2300 - Milestone of Probus

Marcus Aurelius Probus Pius Felix Invictus Augustus.
M AVR
PROBVS
P F INVIC
AVG
Probus, A.D. 276-82.

RIB2305 - Fragmentary milestone

No translation

LI
In Gaul the league, leuga, of 1½ Roman miles (2.2 km.) was used from the time of Septimius Severus (e.g. CIL xiii 9031, ILS 5847). But no instance of numeration by leagues is known in Britain, and a distance of 1½ miles has no relationship to any significant point. If li be interpreted as the figure 51, no suitable point of departure is to be found 51 miles away. The bottom of the stone has a shallow tenon designed to fit into a socketed base. The letters at the very bottom of the visible pillar are difficult to connect with any text that the pillar may have carried. Perhaps, then, they represent a builder's instruction for the setting of the stone R.P.W.

RIB2301 - Milestone of Constantius I, Constantinus I, Maximianus, and Maximinus Daia

first
... for the most noble Caesar.
second
... for the most noble Caesar.
third
For the Emperor Caesar Maximianus Pius Felix Augustus.
fourth
For the Emperor Caesar Maximinus
6, 7. Although the letters remain cut on the stone, yet if they were originally painted they would be withdrawn from consideration by removal of the paint R.P.W.The emperors here recorded are: Constantius I as Caesar (A.D. 296-305), Constantinus I as Caesar (A.D. 306-7), Maximianus (A.D. 305-11), and Maximinus Daia (A.D. 309-13) R.P.W.

RIB2302 - Milestone of Constantine I

The Emperor Caesar Flavius Valerius Constantinus Pius Felix Invictus Augustus, [son of] the deified Constantius.
IMP CAES
FL
VAL
CONSTANTINVS
P F
INV
AVG
DIVI
CONST
[...]
Constantine I, A.D. 307-37.

References for Crindledykes

  • Chronicle of the Roman Emperors by Chris Scarre (Thames & Hudson, London, 1995);
  • Chronology of the Ancient World by E.J. Bickerman (Thames & Hudson, London, 1980);
  • The Roman Inscriptions of Britain – Vol.1 – Inscriptions on Stone by R.G. Collingwood & R.P. Wright (Oxford 1965);

Roman Roads near Crindledykes

Stanegate: E (5.25) to Newbrovgh (Northumberland) Stanegate: W (1) to Vindolanda (Chesterholm, Northumberland)