Hadrian's Wall - Milecastle 35 - Sewingshields
Milecastle 35 (Sewingshields) is one of the – Milecastles on Hadrian’s Wall (grid reference NY80497018). The remains still exist as exposed masonry. The remains of – Milecastle 35 are located on the east facing slope of Sewingshields Crags and survive as stone foundations. The – Milecastle measures 18.3 metres by 15.2 metres internally and its walls are up to 3.2 metres wide. A Roman branch road running south from – Milecastle 35 to join the Military Way survives as a low agger up to 5.5 metres wide and up to 20 centimetres high.
Milecastle 35 was excavated in 1947 and again between 1978 and 1980 (with an additional week in 1982). Several phases of internal buildings were detected. Phase I consisted of a small building 4.25 metres by 7.45 metres with stone footings. Phase II, probably dating to the late 2nd or early 3rd century, consisted of a new buildings on the east and west side. The site then fell into disrepair. Phase III consisted of new buildings, somewhat crudely constructed, with considerable industrial activity. Phase IV consisted of some new stone footings placed over previous metal-working areas.
The site was reoccupied in the late-medieval period (13th to 16th century), when two substantial longhouse buildings were built. The medieval remains were removed during excavations.