Horncastle, in Lincolnshire, may have been a Saxon Shore fort. Stukeley in the early eighteenth century describes its walls as “three or four yards high, and four yards thick. … It is a perfect parallelogram … at the corners have been square towers, as they report ; the gates were in the middle of three sides, and I suppose a postern” in the fourth. His Plan shows the area as about 31 acres (Stukeley, It. curiosum, p.30). In point of fact the towers were probably round, and the plan is not quite a parallelogram.” (Collingwood, p.49)
The classification of the site as a Saxon Shore Fort would be better described as a Fortified Civil Settlement or Burg, which were also prevalent at the time.
References for Bannovalvm
- The Archaeology of Roman Britain by R.G. Collingwood (Methuen, London, 1930).
Map References for Bannovalvm
NGRef: TF2569 OSMap: LR122