Fort, Industry, Pottery Kiln and Town
The settlement would have been sited on a bend in the river Sabrina, at the watershed between lowland and highland Britain. Trade routes date from Neolithic era, first settled around 400 BC when a village surrounded by defensive ramparts was founded on E. bank. The Romans built a Fort here, developing into a small town with it’s own pottery kilns and iron smelting plants, using charcoal from the Forest of Dean.
Along the postulated road west towards Kenchester, there were tile kilns north of the road at Upper Sandlin (SO7551), and pottery kilns were found south of the road at Howsell (SO7748). A roman milestone or honorific pillar was found at Kempsey, four miles to the south of Worcester, close by the site of a couple of enclosures perhaps associated with a villa estate.
The only classical reference which states the Roman name for Worcester is the Ravenna Cosmology from the 7th century. In this document the name Vertis (R&C#64) is listed between the entries for Ariconium (Weston-under-Penyard, Hereford & Worcester) and Salinae (Droitwich Spa, Hereford & Worcester); this entry has been assigned to Worcester.
Roman Roads near Vertis
Ryknild Street: NE (7) to Droitwich (Droitwich Spa, Hereford & Worcester) Ryknild Street: S (26) to Glevvm (Gloucester, Gloucestershire) Possible Road: SW (5.5) to Howsell S (4) to Kempsey Possible road: WSW (17) to Stretton Grandison