Cohors Primae Fida Vardullorum civium Romanorum equitata milliaria – The First Cohort of Faithful Vardulli, citizens of Rome, part -mounted, one -thousand strong

The Vardulli or Varduli tribe inhabited Hispania Terraconensis, the area now known as Guipuscoa in northern Spain. The First Cohort of Vardulli are attested at several forts in the north of Britain; there are undated inscriptions at Corbridge in Northumberland on the old Stanegate frontier, also at milecastle 19 on Hadrian’s Wall nearby, and at Cappuck in the Borders region of Scotland on Dere Street. They are positively placed at Castlecary in the Central region around 138-61AD on the Antonine Wall, at Lanchester in County Durham c.175-8AD and at High Rochester, also on Dere Street in Northumberland in 216AD.

Evidence for the presence of Cohors Primae Fida Vardullorum civium Romanorum equitata milliaria in Britain

  1. Cil Xiii.3606; Ager Nerviorum – Diploma, dated c.98AD.
  2. Cil Vii.1194; privilegia militvm, dated late? 105AD.
  3. Burn 100; CIL XVI.65; military diploma dated July 17th 122AD.
  4. Cil Vii.1195; privilegia militvm, dated September 16th 124AD.
  5. L’Année Épigraphique 1997.1001; diploma dated 27th February 158AD.
  6. Corbridge (RIB 1128).
  7. Hadrian’s Wall between Rudchester and Halton Chesters (RIB 1421 altar).
  8. Cappuck (RIB 2118 altar).
  9. Castlecary (RIB 2149 altar).
  10. Lanchester (RIB 1076 altar; 1083 altar c.175-178AD).
  11. High Rochester (RIB 1262 altar 238-241AD; 1263 altar; 1272 218-222AD?; 1279 216AD; 1280 220AD; 1281 225-235AD; 1288 tombstone mentions service in two other Cohorts).