Legio Duovicesimae Primigenia – The Twenty -Second Firstborn Legion

The Twenty-Second Firstborn Legion

Epigraphic Evidence for Legio XXII Primigenia in Britain

RIB1026 - Funerary inscription for Gracilis

To the spirits of the departed (and) to ... Gracilis, centurion from Upper Germany from the Twenty-Second Legion: Aurelia [...]illa had this set up to her husband.
[...] M
[...  ]RACILI
[...]INATO
[...]MAN SVPER
[...]G XXII AVRELIA
[...]ILLA CON
IVGI FACIEND
VM CVRAVIT
No commentary.

RIB2216 - Bulding inscription of the Twenty-Second Legion Primigenia

A detachment of the Twenty-Second Legion Primigenia (built this).
VEXI[...]
LEG XXI[...]
PRIMIG[...]
Bruce assigned it first to Birdoswald, and then to Plumpton Wall (Old Penrith), believing it to be connected with the group of five sculptured panels, representing Apollo, Jupiter, Mars, Mercury, and Venus, which were certainly found at Old Penrith and taken by Sir Walter Scott to Abbotsford, owned by him 1812-32 (Lysons Cumb. p. clxxxviii with pl., reproduced in LS 805 and Cumb. Westm. AAST 2nd Ser. 13 (1913) 195). Bruce's conclusion is accepted by RCAHM Roxburghshire 301.The supposition that this inscribed stone came with the sculptures from Old Penrith rests, however, solely upon Bruce's conjecture which he claimed was supported by the recollection of local inhabitants in 1870. The testimony of the Statistical Account of 1797, unknown to Bruce, first adduced by Haverfield, and questioned by Macdonald, is much earlier and remains unshaken.A detachment, 1,000 strong, of this legion formed part of the reinforcements sent to Britain about 119 by Hadrian (CIL x 5829, ILS 2726, Ferentinum), but the Falkirk inscription is hardly likely to record work in Caledonia in Hadrian's reign.Ritterling (PW s.v. legio col. 1812) suggests that the detachment may have been part of the army of Lollius Urbicus (about 142) or of Julius Verus (about 158) or even of Calpurnius Agricola (about 162) or Ulpius Marcellus (about 184) R.P.W. Addenda from RIB+add. (1995): Detachments of the two legions of Upper Germany, VIII Augusta and XXII Primigenia, are now attested at Birrens: Brit. xxiii (1992), 318 No. 20. Note also ILS 9123 (Amiens), a soldier probably of Legion XXII Primigenia, who died en route for the expedi(tionem) Britanicam.

T PONTIVS T F PAL SABINVS PRAEF COH I PANN ET DALMAT EQ C R TRIB MIL LEG VI FERRAT DONIS DONATVS EXPEDITIONE PARTHICA A DIVO TRAIANO HASTA PVRA VEXILLO CORONA MVRALI > LEG XXII PRIMIG > LEG XIII GEMIN PRIMVS PILVS LEG III AVG PRAEPOSITVS VEXILLATIONIBVS MILLIARIIS TRIBVS EXPEDITIONE BRITTANNICA LEG VII GEMIN VIII AVG XXII PRIMIG TRIB COH III VIG COH XIIII VRB COH II PRAET P P II PROC PROVINC NARBONENS IIII VIR I D QVINQ FLAMEN PATRON MVNICIPI

“…”
Burn 98; from Ferentinum in Latium