Cohors Primae Alpinorum – The First Alpine Cohort

This unit was recruited from among the mountain tribes of the Italian Alps, known in Roman times as the Alpini, who dwelt between the provinces of Cisalpine (Italian) Gaul and Transalpine (French) Gaul. They are mentioned only on military diplomata or discharge certificates, both dated to the first quarter of the second century; the first in the governorship of Lucius Neratius Marcellus and the other during the administration of Aulus Platorius Nepos.

Evidence for the presence of Cohors Primae Alpinorum in Britain

  1. Burn 95; CIL XVI.48; military diploma, dated: January 19th 103AD.
  2. Burn 100; CIL XVI.65; military diploma, dated: July 17th 122AD.