The Vangiones were a Belgic tribe from the upper Rhine. The First Cohort of Vangiones was a mixed unit of both horse and foot soldiers known as a cohors equitata, and were a nominal one-thousand strong (cohors milliaria). It is possible that they were split into two quingenary cohorts during the Hadrianic period as they are attested both at Chesters in Northumberland and also at Benwell in Tyne & Wear, both forts on Hadrian’s Wall. They were apparently reunited as a single force at Risingham in Northumberland, beyond the Wall during the mid-third century.
Evidence for the presence of Cohors Primae Vangionum [milliaria] in Britain
- Burn 95; CIL XVI.48; military diploma dated January 19th 103AD.
- Burn 100; CIL XVI.65; military diploma dated July 17th 122AD.
- Cil Vii.1195; privilegia militvm, dated September 16th 124AD.
- L’Année Épigraphique 1997.1001; diploma dated 27th February 158AD.
- Colchester (RIB 205).
- Benwell (RIB 1350 tombstone).
- Chesters (RIB 1482 tombstone).
- Risingham (RIB 1215; 1216 altar?; 1217 altar; 1230 altar; 1231 altar; 1234 205-208AD; 1235 213AD; 1241-1243; 1261a).