Clotagenium Bath House

Bath House

The remains of a substantial Roman building were observed beside a haulage-track some 410 feet (125m) to the north-west of the fort on the east bank of the South Calder Water.

The bath house, which was found in November 1973 beneath a pond, was moved to higher ground in 1980 and is now open to the public. A set of nine test pits dug uncovered evidence of a Roman bath-house, including flagstones, masonry, bricks flue-tiles, window glass and burned wattle-and-daub. The complete excavation was carried out in 1975-76 under the direction of Lawrence Keppie.

The area covered by building debris extended about 80 ft (25m) north-south by 60ft (18.5m) east-west; a quite respectable bath-house is indicated. The recovery of fragments of a Form 33 samian cup confirms an Antonine date for the bath-house. The bath house was made up of: a Vestibule, a Frigidarium (cold room with cold plunge bath), a first and second Tepidarium (warm rooms), a Caldarium (hot room with nearby hot bath), and a Praefurnium (furnace room). Perhaps around 20 soldiers at a time could use the bath house.

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