Ham Hill Roman Fort

Claudian Auxiliary Fort (AD 43–54)

The Iron-Age hillfort on Ham Hill,  was probably re-used by the Roman army to site a permanent fortification within the territories of the Durotriges tribe. The site has yielded a number of finely-crafted pieces of Roman military equipment mostly identified as legionary in origin, also pieces of a scale-mail cuirass with possible auxiliary connotations. The quantity of and quality of the finds coupled with the sites dominance over a large part of the surrounding countryside makes it very likely that a Roman fort once existed here, with parallels perhaps at Hod Hill in Dorset and Brandon Camp in Worcestershire. There are no inscriptions on stone recorded in the R.I.B. for the Ham Hill fort, although a Roman milestone or honorific pillar has been uncovered beside the Fosse Way just to the west (vide infra).

Even though there are no physical remains in the form of typical V-shaped defensive ditches or rectangular groups of post-holes or foundation trenches of an identifiable Roman building to prove the presence of a fort, their absence is easily explained when you consider that any fort here would have been occupied for only a short space of time during the initial Claudian campaigns before the scene of action was removed to Wales and Northern Britain, and once the decision to abandon the fort had been made, its defences were probably levelled by the Romans prior to departure to prevent its possible re-use by any local dissident forces left to their rear.

RIB2229 - Milestone of Flavius Severus

For the Emperor Flavius Valerius Severus Pius Felix, most noble Caesar.

IMP FL VAL
SEVERO PI
O FEL NOB
CAES

Flavius Severus was Caesar 1 May 305-25 July 306.

References for Ham Hill

  • The Roman Inscriptions of Britain by R.G. Collingwood and R.P. Wright (Oxford 1965);
  • Roman Britain by Peter Salway (Oxford 1981) p.93;
  • The Roman Invasion of Britain by Graham Webster (Batsford, London, 1993);

Map References for Ham Hill

NGRef: ST4816 OSMap: LR193

Roman Roads near Ham Hill

Fosse Way: NE (5) to Ilchester Fosse Way: WSW (23) to Whitley Castle (Whitley Castle, Northumberland) Fosse Way: WSW (23) to Mvridvnvm