Stanwick Camp

Iron Age Hillfort

Stanwick Iron Age Fortifications (also known as ‘Stanwick Camp’), a huge Iron Age hill fort, sometimes but not always considered an oppidum, comprising over 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) of ditches and ramparts enclosing approximately 300 hectares (740 acres) of land, are situated in Richmondshire, North Yorkshire, England. Whether Stanwick was the stronghold of Venutius or Cartimandua, or perhaps of them both for a brief time before their acrimonious split some time after 51 AD, it is certain that this settlement was one of the most important in Brigantia, the Brigantes kingdom during the early stages of the Roman occupation of Britain.

This fort was not solely defensive in nature, but also served as a trading center and administrative capital for the Brigantes. Excavations at the site have revealed Brigantian and Samian pottery, as well as Iron Age weapons and even a skull.

The earthworks encompass a vast area, covering 850 acres in total. The construction of the fort took place in at least three phases, beginning in the mid 1st century. Around 50 AD, the fort was expanded to include an additional 130 acres, with provisions made for keeping livestock within the earthworks.

Within a few decades, the fort was further enlarged, but this expansion was never completed, possibly due to the advancing Roman presence in Brigantian territory in 71 AD. The completed defenses of the fort span an impressive four miles, showcasing the Brigantes’ efforts to fortify their stronghold against potential threats.

Sites near Stanwick Camp