Stonea Camp is an Iron Age multivallate hill fort located at Stonea near March in the Cambridgeshire Fens. Situated on a gravel bank just 2 metres (6 ft 7 in) above sea-level, it is the lowest hill fort in Britain. Around 500 BC, when fortification is thought to have begun at this site, this “hill” would have provided a significant area of habitable land amidst the flooded marshes of the fens. The site exhibits at least two phases of development over several hundred years of settlement, with a D-shaped set of earth banks surrounded by a larger, more formal set of banks and ditches.
Stonea Camp during Roman control
The fort is a possible site of the battle of 47 AD mentioned by Tacitus, between the Iceni tribe and a Roman auxiliary force under governor Ostorius Scapula. It has also been speculated that the remains relate to the campaign to subdue the Iceni after the Boudiccan Revolt. Human remains have been found around the site including sword-marked adult bones and the cleaved skull of a child, indicating that the inhabitants were trapped and attacked within the settlement.
The remains of a multi-storey Roman tower have also been excavated within sight to the north of the Stonea Camp fortifications. The building was possibly constructed to suppress further tribal rebellion or settlement at this site.
Sites near Stonea Camp
- Fen Causeway (11 km)
- Denver Salt Works (14 km)
- Hockwold Temple (24 km)
Temple Or Shrine
- Orton Longueville (28 km)
- Longthorpe Roman Vexillation Fort (30 km)
- Great Stukeley Barrows (30 km)
- Reach Roman Villa (31 km)
- Godmanchester (Durovigutum) Roman Fort (31 km)
Claudian Auxiliary Fort (AD 43–54) and Vicus
- Elton Villa (33 km)
- Castor Praetorium (33 km)
Palace and Pottery