Swine Hill 1 and 2 Marching Camps

Marching or Temporary Camps

Swine Hill 1, Northumberland

OS National Grid Reference: NY904825
Dimensions: 550 x 570 ft (168 x 174 m)
Area: 6 acres (2.4 ha)
Description: This almost square fort is located about 100m to the W of Dere Street 4km SSE of the Risingham fort. The camp has 3 gates, all with internal clavicula defences set centrally in the E side and offset to the E in the N & S defences; the camp therefore faced Dere Street to the E. The smaller Camp-2 lies in the NW corner of this camp, utilising part of its defences.

Swine Hill 2, Northumberland

OS National Grid Reference: NY904825
Dimensions: c.200 x 200 ft (c.60 x 60 m)
Area: c.¾ acre (0.3 ha)
Description: This small camp lies entirely within the NE quadrant of Camp-1 utilising part of the earlier large camp’s N & W defences, with the addition of new, rather more insubstantial defences to S & E The only gateways both appear in the E side, about equidistant from the SE corner-angle and the junction of the N & E rampart, some 25m apart and both protected by external tituli. The fact that the earlier Camp-1 defences were re-used unmodified proves that the period between the camps was not very long.

References for Swine Hill Camps

  • Roman Camps in England – The Field Archaeology by the R.C.H.M.E.

Map References for Swine Hill Camps

NGRef: NY9082 OSMap: LR80

Roman Roads near Swine Hill Camps

None identified