Upton-by-Chester Marching Camp 3

Marching or Temporary Camp

The Upton Group consists of seven camps, the northernmost of which lies at Picton, about a third of a mile (c.600m) ENE of Upton Camp 5, while the southernmost (Camp 6) at Upton Recreation Centre lies just 660 feet (200m) north of the main Roman road between Chester and Wilderspool about two miles north-east of the fortress.

Found sometime before 1964, this camp was at first thought to be a “Civil War redoubt”, occupied during the siege of Chester in 1645?. The camp is known only from its NE corner-angle, with about 280 feet (c.85m) of the N side and 380 feet (c.115m) of the E. An earthwork survey published in 1994 showed that the angle had survived as a slight earthwork standing 1 foot (0.3m) high. Evaluation excavations the same year recorded a V-shaped ditch about 3¼ft. deep and 6¼ft. wide (0.97 x 1.9m), which showed evidence of rapid silting.

References for Upton Camps

  • A Note on New Evidence from Aerial Reconnaissance for Roman Military Sites in Cheshire by Robert A Philpott in Britannia xxix (1998) pp.341-353;
  • a copy of O.S. Landranger map 117 Chester and Wrexham would also be of benefit.

Map References for Upton Camps

Upton-by-Cheshire High School / Upton Heath

OSMap: LR117

OS Reference: SJ 46 NW 22
NMRC Unique Identifier: 69053
Dimensions: c.380+ x 280+ ft (c.115+ x 85+ m)
Area: c.2½+ acres (c.1+ ha)

Roman Roads near Upton Camps

None identified

Sites near Upton-by-Chester Marching Camp 3
  • Colonia Camulodunum (Colchester)
    Colonia, Minor Settlement and Triumphal Arches
  • Chester (Deva) Roman Fortress
    Legionary Fort and Major Settlement
  • Wixoe
    Minor Settlement
  • Cambridge (Duroliponte) Roman Fort
    Claudian Auxiliary Fort (AD 43–54), Temple Or Shrine and Vicus
  • Godmanchester (Durovigutum) Roman Fort
    Claudian Auxiliary Fort (AD 43–54) and Vicus
  • Medbourne
    Minor Settlement and Roman-Building
  • Leicester (Ratae Coritanorvm) Roman Town
    British Civita and Probable Vexillation Fort
  • Mancetter (Manduessedum) Vexillation Fort
    Mutatione?, Pottery, Roman Burg and Vexillation Fort
  • Eaton House (Pennocrucium) Roman Fort
    Auxiliary Fort
  • Whitchurch (Mediolanum) Roman Fort
    Claudian Auxiliary Fort (AD 43–54), Flavian Auxiliary Fort (AD 69–96) and Vicus