Greta Bridge Fort

Fort

There are ten Latin inscriptions recorded on stone in the R.I.B. for the Greta Bridge fort and settlement; four altarstones, two building-stones and four tombstones. In addition, a Roman milestone or honorific pillar has been recovered from the roadside near the settlement. The texts of all these stones are shown and translated below.

The Religion of Roman Greta Bridge

RIB744 - Altar dedicated to a Nymph

DEAE NYMPHAE
NEINE BRICA ET
IANVARIA FIL
LIBENTES EX VO
TO SOLVERVNT
To the goddess Nymph NEINE Brica and Januaria, her daughter, willingly fulfilled this in accordance with their vow.
l. 2. The first five letters, as recorded, conceal the local name of the Nymph.

RIB745 - Fragmentary dedication

ONI
RS
SEI
[.]ELLINVS
BF COS PRO
VINCIE
SVPERIOR
V S L L M
... beneficiarius of the governor of the upper province, gladly, willingly, and deservedly fulfilled his vow.
As Huebner (CIL) and Birley (Arch. Ael. 4th Ser. xi (1934) 133) suggest, the citation of Britannia Superior should indicate that this fort belonged to a different province, in this case Britannia Inferior (see Miller CAH¹ xii 36). A beneficiarius was a soldier, usually a legionary, seconded for special duties by favour (beneficium) of a specific senior officer; in particular the beneficiarius consularis, an officer on the governor's staff, who might be out-posted.

RIB743 - Altar dedicated to Mars

DEO
MARTI
To the god Mars.
No commentary.

RIB746 - Dedication to Septimius Severus, Caracalla, and Geta

IMP CAES L SEP SEVERO
PIO PERT ET M AVR ANTONI
NO PIO AVG ET P SEP GETAE
NOB CAES SVB CVRA L
ALFENI SENECIONIS
LEG EORVM PR PR
For the Emperor-Caesars Lucius Septimius Severus Pius Pertinax and Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Pius, both Augusti, and for Publius Septimius Geta, most noble Caesar, under the charge of Lucius Alfenus Senecio, their propraetorian legate.
L. Alfenus Senecio: governor of Britain a.d. 205-about 208 (see RIB 722).

Two building inscriptions have been recovered from Greta Bridge, both discovered in 1792 near the north gateway of the fort; an ansate slab dated to the beginning of the 3rd century, now in the Bowes Museum (RIB 746); also part of an inscribed slab, now lost (RIB 747).

RIB747 - Inscription

[...]IING POSI
[...]HOÍ¡EVÍ¡MOLLINI
[...  ]ILABS SVB CVRA
[...] 𐆛 LEG VI VIC
[...  ]OST VRBANVS
[...]PERIORIS
[...] CITRA
[..] EM
[...]
... fallen down through age, under the charge of ... centurion of the Sixth Legion Victrix ... Postumius Urbanus ... of Upper Britain ..
No commentary.

RIB751 - Funerary inscription for Maternus

D M S
[..] MATERVS
VIXIT [...]
Sacred to the spirits of the departed: Maternus lived ..
No commentary.

RIB750 - Funerary inscription for Salvia Donata

D M S
SALVIA DONA
TA VIXSIT AN VIII M I
To the spirits of the departed: Salvia Donata lived 8 years, 1 month.
No commentary.

RIB2279 - Milestone of Gallus and Volusian

IMP D
N GALLO
ET VOLV
SIANO
AVG
For the Emperors, our Lords, Gallus and Volusianus, Augusti.
Gallus and Volusian, a.d. 251-3.

References for Greta Bridge

  • The Roman Inscriptions of Britain by R.G. Collingwood and R.P. Wright (Oxford 1965). 

Roman Roads near Greta Bridge

SE (8) to Carkin Moor SE (13) to Cataractonivm Itinera II et V: W (5.5) to Lavatris