Crawford

Fort and Marching or Temporary Camps

The Dateable Pottery Evidence

The only dateable pottery recovered from Crawford is a piece of samian Form 29 dated to c.60-75AD, however, a bronze as minted in 86AD has also been found. Coins like this, all in almost unworn condition, have been uncovered at a number of other military sites in Scotland, which must mean that they were garrisoned in that year or shortly afterwards. There is structural evidence to suggest that the fort was also occupied throughout the Antonine Period (c.142AD – c.162).

There are a number of Roman military sites in the area; there are three marching camps to the south of the fort in Crawford (NS9520), a marching camp at Little Clyde in the south-east overlooked by a watch-tower on Beattock Summit (both NS9915), also a fortlet and camp at Wandel (NS9426) along the road to the north, with another camp nearby at Cold Chapel (NS9324).

References for Crawford

The Roman Occupations of Scotland by B.R. Hartley in Britannia ii (1972) pp.1-55; The Northern Frontiers of Roman Britain by David J. Breeze p.61.The Roman Occupations of Scotland by B.R. Hartley in Britannia ii (1972) pp.1-55; The Northern Frontiers of Roman Britain by David J. Breeze p.61. The Roman Occupations of Scotland by B.R. Hartley in Britannia ii (1972) pp.1-55; The Northern Frontiers of Roman Britain by David J. Breeze p.61.The Roman Occupations of Scotland by B.R. Hartley in Britannia ii (1972) pp.1-55; The Northern Frontiers of Roman Britain by David J. Breeze p.61.

Map References for Crawford

NGRef: NS9521 OSMap: LR72

Roman Roads near Crawford

NE (35) to Elginhavgh (Lothian) SSW (18) to Drvmlanrig (Dumfriesshire) SE (20) to Milton (Tassiesholm, Beattock, Dumfries & Galloway) SSW (11) to Dvrisdeer NNE (8) to Lamington (Strathclyde) SSE (5) to Little Clyde SE (8) to Redshaw Bvrn N (4) to Wandel